UIvar iBhayiloji engabonakaliyo

Iinkcukacha ezikhawulezayo

Wazalwa:794



Wafa eneminyaka: 79

Kwaziwa njenge:UIvar Ragnarsson





Ilizwe lokuzalwa: Dominikha

Uzalwe e:IHord, eJutland



Idume njenge:Umkhosi weViking

Iinkokeli zomkhosi Amadoda aseBritane



Usapho:

utata:URagnar Lodbrok



umama:URagnar Lodbrok

abantakwenu: Björn Ironside Ukungena kwenyoka eSigurd ... UColin Powell UWilliam Barret ...

Ngubani u-Ivar the Boneless?

UIvar u-Boneless Ragnarsson wayeligorha eliqhelekileyo laseViking elahlasela indawo enkulu e-Ireland nase-England ngenkulungwane ye-9. Ngokwe-Viking Age uncwadi lwemveli, wayeyinkokheli yomkhosi omkhulu waseNorse owahlasela iBritane ngo-865. Ukholelwa ukuba ngoyena nyana mdala ka-Ragnar Lothbrok, igorha nomlawuli wase-Viking wase-Sweden osenyongweni, kunye nenkosikazi yakhe yesithathu , Aslaug. Abanye abantu be-sagas bathi u-Ivar wazalwa enesiphene emzimbeni kodwa njengoko wayekhula kunye nabantakwabo kunye nabantakwabo, wakhawuleza wazibonakalisa ukuba ungoyena ukrelekrele kwaye ukhohlakele phakathi kwabo. Njengomntu omdala, wakhokela abantakwabo ukuba bahlasele i-Zealand, Reidgotaland, Gotland, Öland kunye nazo zonke iziqithi ezincinci. Emva kokubulawa kwabantakwabo ngukumkani waseSweden, wakhokela uhlaselo kwilizwe. Emva kokubhubha kukatata wakhe, yena nabantakwabo bahlanganisa umkhosi omkhulu ukuba bahlasele iNgilane kwaye bohlwaye umntu onoxanduva, u-,lla, ukumkani waseNorthumbria. Baqhubeka nokoyisa u-andlla kwaye bamfaka kubuchule bokwenza ukhozi lwegazi. Emva kwexesha, walwa amadabi nxamnye ne-Kingdoms yeMercia kunye ne-Wessex. Ababhali-mbali abaninzi bamjonga ngokufana no-Imar, umseki wobukhosi base-Uí Ímair.

Uluhlu olucetyiswayo:

Uluhlu olucetyiswayo:

Ama-30 Ezona Zona Zona Zimbi Zikhethekileyo Embali UIvar ongenaluthando Ityala lemifanekiso https://eskify.com/ivar-the-boneless-the-disabled-viking/ Ityala lemifanekiso http://photos.geni.com/p13/66/43/16/5a/53444839e01007f5/ivar_1_large.jpg Ityala lemifanekiso https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Harley_MS_2278,_folio_39r_excerpt.jpg
(Akuqinisekanga. Umbhalo obhalwe ngesandla wawuqulunqwe phantsi kolawulo lukaJohn Lydgate (d. 1449/1450). / Indawo yoluntu)Ubuntu beDanish beMbali Ubuntu beMbali yaseBritane Iindawo zokundwendwela kunye nokuNqoba ‘Ibali loonyana bakaRagnar’ linika ingxelo yobomi bukaIvar. Ukhule kunye nabantakwabo, mhlawumbi eSweden, kwaye wazenzela igama lokuba yingcwangu kwaye ukhohlakele njengoyise. UIvar wayengoyena nyana ukrelekrele kaRagnar. Njengokuba naye wayengoyena mdala, ngokwemvelo waba yinkokheli yabo. I-sagas imdumisa ngobulumko bakhe, ubuqili, kunye nobuchule beqhinga kunye namaqhinga edabini. Wabakhokelela abazalwana bakhe ekoyiseni i-Zealand, Reidgotaland (Jutland), Gotland, Öland kunye nazo zonke iziqithi ezincinci. Baye bamisela iLejre e-Zealand njengeziko lamandla abo. Ngokutsho kweminye imithombo, uIvar wakhokela uhambo lwe-Sheppey lwango-855 olwathatha ulawulo lwesiqithi esikufutshane nomlomo woMlambo iThames. Wayekwangumlingani ka-Olaf the White, ukumkani waselwandle waseViking waseDublin. Imithombo yaseIreland ithi uIvar no-Olaf babusa i-Dublin kunye kwaye bakhokelela umkhosi wabo kwiimfazwe ezininzi e-Ireland ngo-850s. Baye benza ubudlelwane obethutyana kunye nokuthandwa kweCerball mac Dúnlainge, inkosi yaseOssory kumazantsi mpuma eIreland. Baye bahlasela indawo yaseMeath kwii-860s zakuqala. Ukwanda okwandayo kukaIvar nabantakwabo kwenza utata wabo alumke kwaye abe nomona. Wonyula u-Eysteinn Beli njengokumkani wase-Sweden kwaye wamyalela ukuba angabavumeli oonyana bakhe balawule ubukumkani. Emva koko washiya iScandinavia ukuya kwiphulo kwingingqi yeBaltic. Ngeli xesha, abantakwabohafu bakaIvar, uEiríkr noAgnar, bafika eSweden kwaye babulawa. Xa abazalwana bevayo ngoko, bangenela iSweden kunye nomama wabo. Emva kwemfazwe enkulu, u-Eysteinn Beli woyiswa kwaye wabulawa. Xa iindaba zokusweleka kuka-Eysteinn Beli zafikelela eRagnar, waba nomsindo nangakumbi. Wayecinga ukuba kufuneka azingqine ukuba usengcono kunabo bonke oonyana bakhe. Uye emva koko wagqiba kwelokuba ahlasele iNgilane ngenqanawa ezimbini (iinqanawa zabarhwebi). Emva kokufika eNgilani, wafumana impumelelo ekuqaleni. Nangona kunjalo, u-,lla, ukumkani wase-Northumbria, wahlanganisa ezokhuseleko wazoyisa. URagnar wabanjwa waphoswa emngxunyeni wenyoka. Njengokuba esweleka, kuyabonakala ukuba wathi, Ziza kukhala njani iihagu ezincinci ukuba bezazi ukuba zinjani iinkunzi ezindala! ' Ngo-865, uIvar nabantakwabo bahlanganisa umkhosi omkhulu baza bahlasela iNgilani, befuna impindezelo ngokusweleka kukayise. Ngelo xesha, iNgilani yayihlulwe yangamacandelo asixhenxe ama-Anglo-Saxon, awaziwa njenge Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. Qhubeka nokufunda apha ngezantsi kwezi zikumkani yayiyi-East Anglia, Essex, Kent, Mercia, Northumbria, Sussex, kunye neWessex. Kwidabi lokuqala, uIvar akazange aphumelele kwaye wafika ekuqondeni ukuba umkhosi wamaNgesi unamandla kakhulu. Emva koko wafikelela ku-forlla ngoxolelwaniso. Isivumelwano phakathi kuka -lla noIvar sasineemeko ezimbini eziphambili. UIvar wazicelela kuphela umhlaba awayenokuwugubungela ngesikhumba senkomo. Ngenxa yoko, kwafuneka afunge ukuba akasayi kuphinda amhlasele u -lla. I-sagas ibonelela ngeenkcukacha malunga noko kwenzeka ngokulandelayo. UIvar wagqiba kwelokuba asike isikhumba senkomo sibe yimichilo emininzi aze agqume ngesakhiwo esikhulu esinjengenqaba ngaso. I-saga endala ithi le nqaba inkulu yayiyi-York, ngelixa i-saga entsha ithi yayiyi-London. Kwiinyanga ezilandelayo, u-Ivar waya esaziwa kakhulu eNgilani kwaye wayalela abantakwabo ukuba baphinde bahlasele. Umkhosi wabo omkhulu wabizwa ngokuba yiGreat Heathen Army ngabaphengululi baseAnglo-Saxon. Ngasekupheleni kwe-866, bafika eNorthumbria bathimba iYork, ikomkhulu labo. Nangona kunjalo, u-lla ngandlela thile wakwazi ukubaleka. Ekugqibeleni wathunjwa emva kwedabi ngo-Matshi 867 kwaye abazalwana bamthobela kumkhozi wegazi. UIvar wamisela indoda egama linguEgbert njengokumkani waseNorthumbria. Emva koko wabeka umbono wakhe eNottingham eMercia. Inkosi yaseMercian ngelo xesha yaBhuqwa, owathumela abathunywa eWessex, ecela uKing Aethelred I uncedo. Eqonda ubunzima bemeko, uKumkani u-Aethelred I kunye nomntakwabo u-Alfred (u-Alfred Omkhulu wexesha elizayo) bahlanganisa umkhosi baya eMercia bezokungqinga i-Nottingham. UIvar wagqiba kwelokuba abuyise imikhosi yakhe ngaphandle kokubandakanya isiNgesi kwaye wabuyela eYork. Malunga nonyaka kamva, ngo-869, uIvar nomntakwabo u-Ubba bakhokelela kwiiVikings emva e-East Anglia, apho umkhosi wawungene khona ekuqaleni. Ngokwesiko, babulala inkosi yase-Anglian yase-Mpuma u-Edmund emva kokwala ukubulahla ubuKristu. Emva kuka-870, u-Ivar ngokusisiseko uyanyamalala kwiirekhodi zembali. I-sagas nayo ithe cwaka malunga nento ayenzileyo kulandela ukoyisa kwakhe i-East Anglia. IiVikings ziya kuqhubeka ukuzama ukungaphumeleli kwe-Wessex kodwa u-Ivar wayengekho kunye nabo. Ngokwesiko laseIreland, emva kokuba eshiye umkhosi wamaViking, uIvar kubonakala ukuba waphinda wawuvuselela umanyano lwakhe no-Olaf kwaye bobabini baqala ukuphanga iScotland. Ngo-870, boyisa baza batshabalalisa iDumbarton, ikomkhulu lobukumkani baseStrathclyde, bathimba amaxhoba amaninzi nababuyela eIreland. Ngelo xesha, uIvar wayesele esaziwa njengokumkani wamaNorsemen kulo lonke elaseIreland naseNgilani. Ukufa kunye nelifa Ngokutsho kombhali-mbali waseAnglo-Saxon uÆthelweard, uIvar wasweleka ngowama-870. Nangona kunjalo, iingxelo zaseIreland zithi ukubhubha kwakhe kwenzeka ngonyaka wama-873. Amathambo angaphezulu kwama-250 athe afunyanwa malunga nendunduma, okuthetha ukuba le yindawo yokuphumla yendoda ekumgangatho ophezulu kakhulu. Abanye abaphengululi bakholelwa ukuba lo Ivar. I-sagas ibanga lokuba u-Ivar wayalela amadoda akhe ukuba amngcwabe kwindawo enokuthi isetyenziswe ngokulula njengomkhosi ohlaselayo kwaye waxela kwangaphambili ukuba xa kulandelwa imiyalelo yakhe, iintshaba zelizwe azizukuphumelela. Oku kubonakala kuyinyani kude kube lixesha likaWilliam I waseNgilani kunye noNorman Conquest. UWilliam I kusolwa ukuba wemba isidumbu sikaIvar wasitshisa kwi-pyre ngaphambi kokuba aqhubeke nephulo lakhe. Ukufana no-Imar Embindini wenkulungwane ye-9, u-Imar wayeyinkosi yamaViking eyayilawula iinxalenye zaseIreland naseScotland kwaye yamisela ubukhosi baseUi Ímair obabunolawulo oluphantse lwaphela kuLwandle lwaseIreland kwezi nkulungwane zilandelayo. Abaphengululi abaninzi bakholelwa ukuba uIvar noImar babengumntu omnye. KwiNkcubeko edumileyo Kwidrama yeXesha leMbali yeDrama ethi 'Vikings', uIvar omdala uboniswa ngumdlali weDenmark uAlex Høgh Andersen. Inguqulelo encinci yomlinganiswa yadlalwa nguJames Quinn Markey kwisizini yesine.