UThomas Jefferson Biography

Iinkcukacha ezikhawulezayo

Usuku lokuzalwa: Epreli 13 , Ngo-1743



Wafa eneminyaka: 83

Umqondiso welanga: IiAries





Ilizwe lokuzalwa: eunited States

Uzalwe e:IShadwell, eVirginia, eUnited States



Idume njenge:Umongameli wesithathu wase-U.S

Iingcaphuno zikaTomas Jefferson Abaongameli



Ukuphakama: 6'2 '(188i-CM),6'2 'Kubi



Usapho:

Iqabane / Ex-:UMartha Jefferson (m. 1772-1782)

utata:UPeter Jefferson

umama:UJane Randolph

abantakwenu:U-Anna Scott Jefferson Marks, Elizabeth Jefferson, Jane Jefferson, Lucy Jefferson Lewis, Martha Jefferson Carr, Mary Jefferson Bolling, Peter Field Jefferson, Peter Thomas Jefferson, Randolph, Randolph Jefferson, Thomas Mann Randolph Sr

abantwana: IVirginia

Alumni:Ikholeji kaWilliam noMary

UMsunguli / uMsunguli:KwiYunivesithi yaseVirginia

Iinkcukacha ezithe kratya

Imfundo:Ikholeji kaWilliam noMary (BA)

Qhubeka nokuFunda apha ngezantsi

Kuyacetyiswa Wena

I-Eston Hemings UJoe Biden UDonald Trump UArnold Mnyama ...

Ngubani uThomas Jefferson?

UThomas Jefferson wayeyinkokheli yezopolitiko kunye nomongameli wesithathu wase-United States, esebenza ngo-1801 ukuya ku-1809. waseVirginia. Ubuye wabhala 'Ummiselo waseVirginia weNkululeko yezeNkolo,' umthetho owamiselwa yi-'Virginia General Assembly 'kumthetho welizwe ngo-1786. Phambi kokuba anyulwe abe ngumongameli, wanyulwa njengonobhala wokuqala wase-United States ngexesha Ngo-1789-1793 kwaye wayelisekela-mongameli wesibini eMelika, esebenza ukusuka ngo-1797 ukuya ku-1801. Ngo-1776, waba ngumbhali ophambili 'weSibhengezo senkululeko,' kwaye wamkela umbulelo ngendima yakhe ekukhuthazeni i-republicanism e-United States. Ngelixa wayesemandleni, uJefferson wayixhasa ngqwabalala ingcamango yedemokhrasi kwaye wayethanda amalungelo wamazwe, awayewajonga njengeempawu ezintle zeriphabliki. Indoda enetalente ezininzi, uThomas Jefferson uphonononge izinto ezininzi kwaye wafumana impumelelo njenge-horticulturist, igosa likarhulumente, umyili wezakhiwo, umembi wezinto zakudala, umqambi, nomseki ‘weDyunivesithi yaseVirginia.’

Uluhlu olucetyiswayo:

Uluhlu olucetyiswayo:

Iimodeli zeNdima ezidumileyo Ongathanda ukudibana nazo Abongameli baseMerika abashushu, badweliswe Abona bantu banempembelelo kwimbali Ezona ngqondo zibalaseleyo kwimbali UThomas Jefferson Ityala lemifanekiso https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ifayile:Official_Presidential_portrait_of_Thomas_Jefferson_(by_Rembrandt_Peale,_1800)(cropped).jpg
(Rembrandt Peale / Indawo yoluntu) Ityala lemifanekiso https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ifayile:Mather_Brown_-_Thomas_Jefferson_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg
(UMather Brown, i-domain yoluntu, nge-Wikimedia Commons) Ityala lemifanekiso https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
(UCharles Willson Peale, i-domain yoluntu, nge-Wikimedia Commons)Iincwadi,MnaQhubeka nokuFunda apha ngezantsiAbabhali beAries Ababhali abangamadoda Iinkokeli ezingamadoda Umtshato kunye nabantwana UThomas Jefferson watshata nomhlolokazi oselula ogama linguMartha Wayles Skelton ngo-1772 kwaye esi sibini sasinabantwana abathandathu: uMartha Jefferson Randolph, uJane Randolph, uMary Wayles, uLucy Elizabeth no-Elizabeth. UMartha wazala unyana oswelekileyo ngo-1777. Wasweleka ngomhla we-6 kuSeptemba ngo-1782. Izicatshulwa: Wena,Ngaba Iinkokheli zaseMelika Ababhali baseMelika Abaongameli baseMelika Ubomi bokuqala bezopolitiko UJefferson wonyulwa njengomthunywa kwi ‘Second Continental Congress’ ngo 1775. Ngokuqala kwesisombululo saseMelika sokuzimela ngo 1776, wakhonza njengelungu lekomiti eyayinoxanduva lokulungiselela ukubhengezwa kwesisombululo senkululeko. Uyilo lwathiwa thaca kwinkongolo ngomhla wesi-2 kweyeKhala kwaza ngomhla we-4 kweyeKhala ngowe-1776 kwamkelwa amagama ‘eSibhengezo senkululeko’, esenza ukuba uJefferson abe ngumntu othandwayo elizweni. Ngo-1776, uJefferson wonyulwa ‘kwiNdlu yaseVirginia yabaThunywa.’ Njengomthunywa, waxhokonxa uthotho lohlaziyo namatyala ukuze abhence iwonga elitsha laseVirginia njengorhulumente wentando yesininzi. Phakathi koluhlu lweenguqulelo, ezona zibalulekileyo yayiyimithetho yokuphelisa ukuthambisa kunye nokuseka inkululeko yenkolo kurhulumente. UJefferson uqhubeke nokuvelisa umthetho oyilwayo 'wokusasazeka ngokubanzi kolwazi' ngo-1778, nesikhokelele ekumiselweni kwenkqubo yokufunda kwiKholeji kaWilliam noMary. ukubulala nokungcatsha umbuso. Nangona kunjalo, iinzame zakhe azange zivelise iziphumo njengolwaphulo-mthetho, olufana nokudlwengula kwahlala kohlwaywa ngokufa ixesha elide emva kwesindululo semithetho eyilwayo kaJefferson ngokubhekisele kwisohlwayo semali.Ababhali baseMelika abaNgeyonyani Amadoda angama-Aries Irhuluneli yaseVirginia UJefferson waba yirhuluneli yaseVirginia ngo-1779 kwaye wahlala kwesi sikhundla kwade kwangowe-1781. Kwakungexesha loburhuluneli obathi ikomkhulu laseVirginia lasuswa eWilliamsburg laya eRichmond ngo-1780. Iinzame zakhe ezazisenziwa rhoqo kwicandelo lezemfundo zamkelwa ngo-1779. , xa uGeorge Wythe wonyulwa njengonjingalwazi wokuqala wezomthetho kwiKholeji yaseWilliams naseMary. UJefferson wakhonza njengomphathiswa eFrance ukusukela ngo-1785 ukuya ku-1789 kwaye waxhasa iFrance ngokuchasene neBritane xa kwabhengezwa imfazwe phakathi kwala mazwe mabini ngo-1793. Izicatshulwa: Ixesha elizayo,Ulonwabo,Mna Unobhala welizwe lase-U.S UJefferson waba ngunobhala wokuqala welizwe ngo-1790, phantsi kobongameli bukaGeorge Washington. Njengobhala welizwe, wathetha ngokuchasene ne-Federalism e-US kwaye waqhubeka nokuyijonga njengesoyikiso kwiRiphabhlikhi. Kunye noJames Madison, waseka kunye kwaye wakhokela i-'Democratic-Republican Party 'kwaye wenza iseti yonxibelelwano namahlakani e-Republican ukulwa amaFederalists kwilizwe liphela. Usekela-Mongameli kunye noMongameli Emva kokungaphumeleli kwesicelo sobunge-mongameli ngo-1796, uJefferson waba ngusekela-mongameli wase-United States ngo-1797. I-Federalists, eyayilungiselela ukulwa ne-France, yaphumelela i-'Alien and Sedition Act 'ngo-1798 njengomthombo wokufumana imali ngerhafu. . UJefferson wagxeka ngokuqatha la maqhinga kwaye waqinisa uhlaselo lwakhe kwi-Federalism, njengoko wayekholelwa ukuba i-Federalists ayinalo ilungelo lokusebenzisa loo mandla. UThomas Jefferson walwela ubumongameli okokuqala ngo-1800. Nangona wayengakhankaseli mbutho wakhe, ngokwesiko elo ngelo xesha, waba ngumongameli wase-United States kwimpumelelo yomhlaba ngo-17 kweyoMdumba ngo-1801. njengomongameli, walwa 'iMfazwe yaseBarbary,' ekhusela i-US Coast ukusuka kubaphangi, kwaye wafumana iLouisana evela eFrance. Emva koko, waphumelela ikota yesibini eofisini kunyulo luka-1804 lukamongameli. Ubomi emva koMongameli UThomas Jefferson wayehlala ekhuthele kwezopolitiko zaseMelika kwaye ethathe inxaxheba ngokuzimisela kwimibutho yezemfundo nakwinkcubeko. Imfundo yahlala iyinto awayeyixhalabele kakhulu ebomini bakhe, kwaye wathabatha amanyathelo okukhuthaza imfundo ephakamileyo phakathi kwabantu. Iinzame zakhe zagqityelwa ukubanjwa ngo-1819 xa kwakusekwa ‘iYunivesithi yaseVirginia’. ‘IYunivesithi yaseVirginia,’ neyayiyiyunivesithi yokuqala ukunika uluhlu olupheleleyo lwezifundo ezikhethiweyo, yavulwa ngo-1825. UJefferson uyaziwa nangothando lwakhe lwezakhiwo kunye ne-archeology, isifundo esasasakhula ngelo xesha. Wenza igalelo kucwangciso lokwakha ‘iYunivesithi yaseVirginia’ eyaba sisimo sobunzululwazi kunye nobuhle ngendawo yayo ecwangcisiweyo ejikeleze ingca kunye nokudibanisa iiarcades. Iyunivesithi, eyakhiwe ngendlela yamaGrike neyamaRoma, imele uyilo olwahlukileyo kunye neengcinga zengqondo zikaThomas Jefferson, owaziwa ngokuba nguyise weyunivesithi. Ngomnyaka ka 1780, uJefferson waba lilungu le ‘Benjamin Franklin’s American Philosophical Society’ kwaye wasebenza njengo mongameli wayo ukusukela ngo 1797 ukuya ku 1815. Umthandi wewayini onomdla, uJefferson waya e France nakwamanye amazwe ase Yurophu ukuze ongeze kwingqokelela ye wayini zakhe ezidumileyo. Ngo-1801, wapapasha incwadi ethi 'A Manual of Parliamentary Practice' neyapapashwa okwesibini ngo-1812. Emva kokuba 'iThala leeNcwadi leCongress' latshiswa ngabaseBritane ngo-1814, ingqokelela enkulu yeencwadi kaJefferson yaba yinxalenye yethala leencwadi elitsha. ibizwa ngegama lakhe. Ukufa UThomas Jefferson wasweleka ngomhla we-4 kuJulayi ngo-1826, umhla ohambelana nesikhumbuzo sama-50 ‘seSibhengezo senkululeko.’ Emva kokubhubha kwakhe, iimpahla zakhe zathengiswa zathengiswa kwifandesi ukuhlawula ityala lakhe elikhulu. Amathambo akhe aswelekayo angcwatyelwa ‘eMonticello,’ ikhaya awayelakhile ebutsheni bakhe eVirginia